How Much Isolation Isolation Do You Really Need?

 

Is your house isolated properly?

Probably not, at least according to the North American Isolation Manufacturing Association or NAIMA. The organization found that by 2015, 90 percent of isolated homes are not isolated enough.

What does this mean? As a homeowner, your home may be too hot or cold. Moreover, your energy bill may be too expensive.

As you pass by your house and reevaluate your isolation situation, you may wonder how much of the loft insulation you really need?

The answers vary. We will explain the conditions that determine the amount of attic insulation that is right for your home.

Age of home
How old is your house?

If you bought a house shortly after it was built, you may not need to add as much insulation as possible. The change is at home 10 years and over. This requires a heavier insulation layer.

If not, as mentioned, you waste precious money every month. By isolating, you can reduce the use of air conditioning and heating.

Location
In addition to the age of your home, your location is also important in determining how much insulation the attic you need.

Every state in the country (and some outside the United States) gets R.

According to International Energy Conservation Code or IECC and U.S. Department of Energy or DOE, this R value is divided into eight uninsulated loft zones:

Zone 1, which is R30 to R49 and covers the Virgin Islands, Puerto Rico, Guam, and Hawaii
Zone 2, which is R30 to R60 and covers Florida, parts of Georgia, parts of Louisiana, parts of Texas, parts of Arizona, and a small part of California
Zone 3, which is R30 to R60 and covers other parts of California, parts of Arizona, parts of New Mexico, parts of Texas, mostly Oklahoma and Arkansas, Mississippi, Alabama, South Carolina and parts of North Carolina
Zone 4, which is R38 to R60 and includes parts of Washington, parts of Oregon, parts of New Mexico, parts of Missouri, parts of Illinois, parts of Indiana, Kentucky, Virginia, Delaware, Maryland, New Jersey and Connecticut.
Zones 5 through 8, the R49 to R60 and cover all other states
Country of Isolation Your Attic is current
Walk through your attic and look for the following type of isolation. Each has an R value that determines the quality of the loft insulation.

Batts, made of fiberglass, have an R-3.2 x depth value
Granules, which may be made of pearlite or vermiculite, have an R value of 2.7 x depth
Gray gray or cellulose has a R value of 3.7 x depth
The stone wool fiber, which is black or gray, has an R value of 2.8 x depth
Loose fibers, which may be pink or slightly yellow, have a value of R 2.5 x depth
Now that you know more about the insulation requirements of the attic, it’s time to make a decision. Does your attic need to be re-insulated?

When choosing an isolation company, look for who has a long record of services in your area. It is also best if they provide different types of insulation, such as spraying spray insulation or spray foam insulation.

Do not let your attic spend more money. Get a grip on your isolation today!

Understanding the Weather of the Galapagos

Understanding the Weather of the Galapagos

The Galapagos Islands are blessed with a climate that means there’s never really a bad time to visit. Visitor numbers to each of the islands are strictly monitored by the national park conservancy, however, so most wildlife holidays in Galapagos tend to be in the same peak periods in order to minimise the impact on the habitat and animal species.
While the archipelago is on the Equator, the weather is not tropical. It has its own microclimate that could best be defined as sub-tropical in nature. There are two seasons – the dry season and the wet season – and, while it can be visited year round, the best wildlife holidays in Galapagos tend to be centred around the months between November and February.

 

Fast Facts on the Galapagos Climate

• The weather in the archipelago is governed by the ocean currents. It is at the convergence of three major currents: the Humboldt, the Panama and the Cromwell.

• Even though the archipelago is located in the tropics it has a unique microclimate, which is surprisingly dry.

• The El Niño weather phenomenon occurs every 5-7 years, causing sea levels to rise markedly.

• The El Niño effect can have a negative effect on the marine wildlife of the islands – particularly the sea lions and Marine Iguanas.

• In the warm season, temperatures average from 27ºC to 32ºC and water temperatures are between 21ºC to 26ºC.

• In the dry season, temperatures average from 21ºC to 27ºC and water temperatures are between 18ºC to 24ºC.

• The warmest months are January and February, while the coolest are from May to September.

• Due to its equatorial position, the archipelago has an equal number of daylight and darkness hours throughout the year.

The Warm Season: December to May

The most popular time for wildlife holidays in Galapagos are the months between November and May. Both the air and water temperatures are higher and it is peak breeding time for land birds and nesting turtles.

Although this time of the year is classified as the rainy season, there is also plenty of sunshine around. Periods of rain are usually short (although daily), interspersed with warm, sunny stretches. The islands are teeming with active wildlife and the warmer oceans provide calm seas and better visibility, making the perfect conditions for snorkelling and swimming.

The Dry Season: June to December

In the dry season, the Humboldt Current coming from the southernmost reaches of South America sets a chill in the ocean and the trade winds bring colder and often stormy weather. Mist settles around the high altitudes – this is the time the highlands are at their most verdant and lush. Due to the nutrient-rich waters brought by the southern currents, there are huge numbers of fish in the waters surrounding the archipelago. This results in a greater number of seabirds, including penguins and albatross. However, the chillier oceans are not quite as appealing for snorkelers or divers, and guided wildlife holidays in Galapagos are not as frequent.

How the Weather Affects Biodiversity

The islands’ three distinct ecosystems are all strongly affected by the weather patterns. In the years of El Niño, the terrestrial region is abundant with flower and fruit bearing plants, which also causes an increase in the populations of insects and birds. The marine ecosystem thrives with the arrival of the Humboldt Current, but the colder oceanic temperatures mean that the seaweed on which the Marine Iguanas and sea lions rely as a food source is greatly diminished. This causes problems not just in the immediate population, but also sees a decline in reproduction. In the years of La Niña (which produces the opposite conditions to El Niño), the reverse of all these effects is true in all three ecosystems.

An Island Guide to the Galapagos

 

An Island Guide to the Galapagos

The Galapagos Islands have long been a magnet to travellers interested in the ecology and geology of our natural world. This remote volcanic archipelago in the Pacific Ocean lies around 1,000km off the coast of Ecuador and supports some of the most diverse habitats on the planet. There are 13 main islands and numerous smaller ones, each with its own distinct characteristics. For anyone planning a trip to the Galapagos, holidays to explore this most unique part of the world can be enhanced by understanding some of the features and fast facts about them.
Bartholomew

 

While it is certainly not the largest, Bartholomew may be the most recognisable island. Its scenery is dominated by Pinnacle Rock, one of the most iconic landmarks of the archipelago. The tall, pointed rock just off the shore features in countless images of the region, providing a spectacular backdrop for the 360° views its high point. Bartholomew is also renowned as one of the best sites to encounter the magnificent marine wildlife, including Galapagos Penguins, sea lions, sharks and rays.

Espanola

Also known as Hood Island, Espanola is relatively flat, with the highest of its small hills measuring around 675ft. It is home to an abundance of wildlife including large numbers of sea lions and more than 12,000 pairs of Waved Albatross – almost the entire global population of the avian species. The breeding site at Gardner Bay, on its eastern shores, is also an exceptional place to explore the underwater life and encounter Marine Iguanas sunning themselves on the rocky beaches.

Isabela

The largest of all the islands, Isabela is in fact five small volcanoes joined together – all of which are still active. As such, the landscape is quite dramatic and varied, from the dense vegetation of the southern highlands to stark lava fields and mangrove swamps at lower altitudes. For visitors on Galapagos holidays, Isabela has multiple sites of interest including the vast wetlands, which support a huge variety of endemic and breeding birdlife.

Santa Cruz

Santa Cruz has six different vegetation zones, and the astounding diversity of its habitat is matched by the diversity and abundance of its wildlife species. Along with the opportunity to explore the many wild reptilian species of the highlands, it an integral part of the itinerary of most Galapagos holidays as it is the location of the Charles Darwin Research Station. The facility is an important breeding, education and research facility dedicated to the conservation of the Giant Tortoise, one of the most iconic species of the archipelago.

Fernandina

Fernandina is the youngest of all the islands, with its last volcanic activity recorded in 2009 from its centrepiece, La Cumbre. Renowned for its magnificent scenery, it is considered one of the world’s most untouched ecosystems, with no foreign species ever believed to have arrived on its shores. It is home to the nesting site of the unique flightless cormorants, along with the Blue Footed Booby and the elusive Galapagos Hawk.

A Unique Environment

The best Galapagos holidays are those with an itinerary that takes in both the large and smaller islands of the archipelago, in order to get a complete overview of not just its beauty but also its astonishing diversity. As one of the most fascinating places on Earth, scientists and biologists are still discovering new facts every year about this unique part of the world.

6 Handmade Creations It Has Great Potential To

6 Handmade Creations It Has Great Potential To

Currently handy craft business or hand skill has become an increasingly popular business, especially for the young. This is because the product of hand-crafted business results promises very satisfactory results due to handmade. The main thing that supports the development of this business is creativity.

Well buddy here are some examples of handy craft business that you can try to learn to do business and drain your hand skills.

1. If you are classified as a painstaking person, stringing artificial stones into bracelets, necklaces or brooches can really, you know!

Creations of accessories such as bracelets and necklaces are already the right choice to start this type of business. The reason to make it we do not need a big cost, even if we examine we can take advantage of items around us that are not used as a basic material of making various accessories. You can use stones, wire, yarn and other materials, it would be better if you use unusual materials to produce unique crafts.

6 Handmade Creations It Has Great Potential To

2. Magic patchwork into a sweet and worthy souvenir like this, yuk!

Already know the patchwork right? Yes, these stitch fabrics should not be thrown away immediately. You can use it to create various forms of hand creations using this patchwork. For example, you can make a sling bag, a tablecloth, a tissue box or other items decorated with patchwork.

3. Flannel fabric you can create a lot of useful objects; tissue case, HP case or tablecloth for example

Flannel fabrics can also be your creations. Flannel fabrics are usually sold at a certain size, and the price is not too expensive. You can try a bit first to make a creation with flannel. For example you can make a wallet, cell phone case, place a tissue, or a bag with creations using flannel.

4. Hobbies knit? Yes, it’s time you picked up success by selling bags, key chains and knitted baby shoes!

6 Handmade Creations It Has Great Potential To

For you who can and hobby knit, really fit to be a business. Most people love hand-made or handmade knitting. In addition, if you can make knits interesting, you will also attract more consumers to buy your products.

5. Make and sell paintings you can also make a living, really!

Maybe you can try painting in a bag like this

Then for you who like to paint, you can try to paint on bag or other material. You can try to paint in accordance with the wishes, try to market through social media. Slowly there must be people who are interested in your work and buy it.

6. Take the opportunity as a creative person who receives sketch drawing services!

Today many young people have the talent of sketching or doodle by hand. Instead of just being a hobby, why not try to make money. You can try offering facial sketching services for certain occasions such as birthdays or graduations. Try to offer first to your closest friends, surely over time your services are widespread.

Well that’s some ideas that you can try, starting from a hobby can produce. Good luck!

7 Marijuana Medical Reason is a Cure We Have Been Looking For

 

Medical marijuana: from nausea to epilepsy to nervous pain, the people around him feel relieved from their use. This is why the care we need.
If you’ve watched the news lately, chances are you’ve heard the term “medical marijuana” a little more than once or twice …

And this is for a good reason! Many countries have encouraged marijuana research to find out how it can actually help us overcome many medical problems.

In some areas, pharmacies are opened and people can regulate their condition with natural remedies – drugs that have less side effects than traditional recipes.

It’s time to review why medical marijuana is the drug we’ve been looking for all these years.

We have collected 7 reasons why medical marijuana can be what you are looking for to overcome your symptoms:

Is medical marijuana the medicine we need? Here are 7 reasons why!
It helps with nausea

Whether a person suffers from nausea because they are undergoing chemotherapy treatment or they experience nausea as a symptom of another illness, medical marijuana can help.

Apparently it proved to help calm the stomach for those who experience nausea.

How? Marijuana, THC in particular, has been found to bind to receptors in the brain to reduce pain and discomfort (including nausea) by increasing endocannabinoids us.

It helps with pain and swelling

As we touch in the previous section, cannabis can help the pain and swelling.

Endocannabinoids are found naturally in our body and naturally help with uncomfortable symptoms. However, cannabinoids in marijuana have been shown to increase this effect and even increase the immune system’s response to inflammation.

Medical marijuana can help with fibromyalgia

This is very important: medical marijuana has shown that it can help people with chronic diseases control their lives again.

Fibromyalgia is a chronic pain disease accompanied by stiffness, fatigue, and sometimes depression. Currently less controlled with traditional recipes, yet many people have experienced relief from the pain-relieving factors of cannabis.

Chron disease and gastrointestinal problems can be better managed

If you have ever had a horrible stomach insect, you already feel what it’s like to live with Chron’s disease and other inflammatory bowel diseases.

This problem is not a mild joke because they stop people from normal life and instead cause it to live with severe stomach pain and symptoms like diarrhea.

Chron sufferers experience these symptoms to a higher level, but the use of marijuana causes some people to experience forgiveness.

Medical marijuana to control and stop the spasms and pain associated with diseases of the gastrointestinal tract through, of course, the endocannabinoid system!

This is associated with helping control epilepsy

These stories have become news and medical research that supports them: medical marijuana can help epilepsy and seizures.

In this study, 40% of patients experienced seizure decrease after 8-12 weeks of marijuana use. At the end of the study, 9% were completely free from seizures!

Depression can be overcome without an adverse prescription

Depression is a difficult medical problem under control because it is often associated with a chemical imbalance.

But fortunately medical marijuana has been proven to be helpful. Depression tends to lower the level of endocannabinoids in our brain, and THC is able to raise these levels to help alleviate depression.

3 Factors Separating The Best Birthday Party Venues In Berkshire From The Rest

3 Factors Separating The Best Birthday Party Venues In Berkshire From The Rest

It’s difficult to think of a more quintessentially English county than Berkshire. It is, after all, more properly known as the Royal County of Berkshire, due to the presence here of Windsor Castle. What you may not know, however, is that there are also many fine Birthday Party Venues In Berkshire, showing that the grand old county certainly has a fun side.

 

But if there’s a downside to the broad choice of such venues across the region, it’s the difficulty of choosing between them – so what are some of the characteristics that you should consider when you are perusing birthday party venues in Berkshire?

1 Location

This is definitely a key factor if you want to attract as many people as possible to your birthday party, as well as enjoy the celebrations once they are underway.

Here at Regency Park Hotel, for example, not only are we located in a peaceful and tranquil setting between Thatcham and Newbury, but we are also just 10 minutes away from the M4 and A339, and offer excellent rail links with Newbury and London Paddington.

2 Suites

We’re sure you’ll agree with us that the space within the venue in which your birthday party takes place needs to be a pleasant and well-equipped one.

Again, that’s a need to which we are pleased to cater here at Regency Park Hotel, with our Parkland and Paris Suites accommodating as many as 140 and 70 guests respectively, while also each having their own bar and no shortage of modern style.

3 Experience

The finest birthday party venues in Berkshire also offer a little something that may be intangible, but which nonetheless makes a big difference to how well a party goes ‘on the day’ – considerable experience and a strong track record in the hosting of such events.

Choose the right birthday party venue in Berkshire, and there will be a team on hand to help ensure that everything goes like clockwork – from the start of your party until the end.

Whatever your own most pressing priorities as far as birthday party venues in Berkshire are concerned, when you get in touch with Regency Park Hotel, you may be surprised to learn just how capable we are of fulfilling each and every one of them.

Enquire now about what makes our chic and contemporary hotel the perfect place to hold your next birthday party in Berkshire, as well as to book our venue for a good price, well in advance.

3 Tips for Small Business Year End Tax Planning

In addition to setting financial goals to grow your business, you also need to manage your financial responsibilities. One is to make sure you have a strong year-end tax planning process. Failing to do this, the business will experience financial and legal consequences.

Small businesses face many big challenges. Some of them include:

Dependency on multiple clients
Maintain cash flow while paying a fee
Fatigue due to pressure and hard work
Dependence on business founders
Balances quality and growth
While this challenge delays business success, poor year-end tax planning can kill it. Read on to find out more.

Tip for Year End Tax Planning
Every small business owner must know the tax planning and reporting requirements. Businesses pay federal income tax, local taxes, sales taxes, and employment taxes. Any errors and Internal Revenue Service (IRS) will start breathing in your neck.

The IRS looks at fraudulent earnings reports, accounting irregularities, and incorrect deductions. It is a mistake to expose your business to fines, fines and fraud allegations.

Your goal should be:

To reduce your taxable income and tax rate
To take advantage of deduction and credit
Here are some tips to help your year-end tax planning:

Find the Right Tax Software
Tax software is an important part of your planning. It’s cost-effective and simplifies the process. Too:

Describe the information requirements in the tax code
Allows quick and secure tax filing
Accelerate refund acceptance
Ensuring tax and credit deductions
Remove errors and mathematical errors
Transfer federal tax information to state tax returns
Attract business data (eg payroll) from other software
If you use a taxation service bureau like UltimateTax, you also get access to support staff. They will help you solve software problems and answer your tax questions.

Having tax software gets you ready. People make the mistake of waiting until the tax season to collect their financial data. Get detailed reports on your financial transactions throughout the year.

Hire an Accountant or Tax Consultant
While the tax software completes some accountant functions, hiring someone is still a good decision. They prepare payroll data, assist in audits, review budgets and fees, collect financial information, and maintain financial software.

Like a tax consultant, accountants make sure your small business is taxable. He will calculate various taxes and propose an accurate return.

These professionals know how to get deductions for your business. Some examples include travel, car, equipment, and home reduction.

The other main function is to track credit changes and annual deductions. The role of your accountant is to make sure you get the maximum refund. They also recorded deadlines for submission of pieces and credit forms.

Decide whether you will delay revenue
Small businesses can postpone their income to reduce their tax obligations. They can use different options such as cash-based accounting and accrual accounting.

Cash-base involves sending late invoices to delay your earnings. As such, the money is not available for addition in tax returns. Accrual involves delays in products and services. That way, you will not be paid on time for the current year tax.

How To Choose The Perfect Kitchen Island

 

Finally it’s time to get rid of the horrible nineties wallpapers and tear off the linoleum floor you’ve hated since you moved. You have been waiting for now. Now it’s time you finally get the kitchen island you deserve.

As the focal point of the room, this island will have a big impact on your space. You need to consider your options carefully, paying attention to the size and materials that make the most sense in your kitchen.

When you choose an island there are several important factors to think about. Keep reading to find out what you need to know so you can choose the perfect kitchen island.

Deciding What You Need on the Island Kitchen
The first factor to consider is whether the child will use space or not. An island can make a great place to do homework. You can be across the room cooking dinner, easily answering questions your child may have.

If there will be children you should consider adding a kind of bar to allow them to sit on the island comfortably.

The height of the kitchen island

The most important factor associated with your island will be its height. You will want to consider the height of your children, but also know that they will grow. Unless you need an easily accessible kitchen, you should buy an island of average size, 36 inches.

If you want people to sit on your island, you’ll want to make things a bit higher. Note that it is advisable to choose a bar seat at the same time as your island if you plan on owning it. It can be difficult to find the style you like in the right size after the fact.

If you want to check to make sure your island is the perfect height visit the Sacramento kitchen showroom. By looking at the options personally, you will have a better idea of ​​what you want to buy for your home.

Wood Or Metal

Based on whether you choose the look of wood or metal, you will give your kitchen very different shades drastically.

The metal is very easy to clean and can give the kitchen an industrial and professional look. You may start asking all your friends to start calling you a chef. This is a practical choice which, if observed, will last for many years to come.

Wood, on the other hand, needs to be treated in a certain way before you can clean it easily. You will want to decide whether you intend to use the surface as a cutting board before making a decision about treatment.

Considering Bacteria

If you choose a wood surface, you should recognize the fact that it could harm the bacteria easily if the lining is damaged. You will want to make sure that you buy a high quality product to ensure your family’s health remains safe.

Additional Storage

When redesigning your kitchen, you should try to maximize your storage space. An island is an opportunity for you to have a customized cabinet without having to really consider the layout of the room. You can make room for whatever you want from a small hidden door to a wine cooler on the island.

Conclusion
If you renovate the kitchen you should consider installing a kitchen island. There are many options on the market, so make sure you consider what materials best suit your needs.

Understanding Aviation Maintenance Repair and Overhaul

Understanding Aviation Maintenance Repair and Overhaul

The aviation industry is growing at a substantial rate, which certainly is good news for stakeholders, from passengers and airport sponsors to institutional investors and aviation service providers. Of course, the industry runs on services in many different segments, and one of the major services provided is MRO, or Maintenance, Repair, and Overhaul. In this post, we will describe the kind of work that these service providers offer with regards to aviation maintenance, repair and overhaul management, and why this sector matters for operational success. The need for MRO services Regardless of the location, facilities and other services offered at an airport, the aviation industry depends on one major aspect – operational aircraft. Aviation maintenance, repair and overhaul management is all about aircraft servicing and management. Commercial airlines and private operators prefer to delegate maintenance tasks to specialized companies offering aviation maintenance. These companies have the necessary operational expertise and experience and also have a great depth of capabilities through their training, tooling and authorizations. These services are critical as projecting and managing maintenance schedules will determine whether aircraft will be operational and available to meet their mission requirements. With today’s increasing demand, MRO service providers are pertinent, necessary, and extremely relevant to keep aircraft and their passengers moving on schedule. What do MRO management services offer? As MRO service providers grow, the need for professional management increases as well. In most cases, maintenance and repair work is dependent upon a number of different requirements and regulations, and the nature of contracts with end users varies considerably. Owners and operators are focused on cost control, quality, and minimizing the downtime of their assets. They also seek to source more services from single source providers, e.g. MOR companies with a breadth of capabilities and authorizations which allows for more services to be provided during a single maintenance event. Demand for aviation MRO services is driven by mandatory maintenance, which occur on fixed flight hour, time-based or activity based intervals. The combination of an aging fleet coupled with increasing utilization underpins the increasing demand forecast for the next 5-10 years. The need for aviation maintenance, repair and overhaul management will continue to increase, and as aircraft utilization continues to grow the need for such services will become more prominent in years to come. Consequently, it is important to choose a company that has the necessary experience and expertise for your particular maintenance requirements to meet your mission profile and keep your aircraft and passengers moving.

It’s A Women’s World: The ‘Ladies’ Château’ of the Loire Valley

It’s A Women’s World: The ‘Ladies’ Château’ of the Loire Valley

A French barge cruise on one of European Waterways luxurious, fully-crewed barge hotels is an experience to remember. We firmly believe that there is no better way to explore the Continent than from the water.
The Nymphea hosts our French barge cruise in the Loire Valley, passing under the remarkable five-arch bridge of the Château de Chenonceau. Built in a pale grey stone, the bridge’s symmetrical curves are juxtaposed against the castle’s pointed turrets and enchant our guests time and time again

 

It’s not only architecture and engineering buffs who fall in love on the banks of the River Cher. The unique history of the Château – spanning from the early sixteenth century to the modern day – is well worth discovering.

Hidden Histories

Cruising beneath the repeated arches of the gallery aboard our French barge cruise, our guests often wonder who created them.

Today we are looking at some of the famous inhabitants of the ‘Ladies’ Château’ – the women who shaped both this beautiful building and France.

The Mistress: Diane de Poitiers

Intellectual, royal-favourite Diane de Poitiers lived in sixteenth-century France; no decorative wallflower, Diane was intelligent and politically savvy. She became so well-liked by King Henry II that she often wrote and signed official correspondence on his behalf using the portmanteau ‘HenriDiane’.

Diane was also the King’s mistress for over two decades – perhaps the most powerful woman in the country. As Henry’s mistress she was given the Château de Chenonceau. Diane not only lovingly developed the gardens, she commissioned the stunning arched bridge spanning the river – one of the most iconic architectural features of the Loire Valley.

The Wife: Catherine de’Medici

Catherine de’Medici was the wife of Henry II and, understandably, was jealous Diane’s influential position in Henry’s court. After Henry’s death Catherine forced Diane de Poitiers, the legal owner of the property, to leave and triumphantly took possession herself. Determined to make the Château her own, Catherine installed a grand gallery running across Diane’s bridge – the strong-willed widow had successfully displaced the trusted mistress.

Under Catherine’s management, the castle became the site for many extravagant parties and, rumour has it, the first ever firework display in France lit up the sky over one of her night time revels.

The Saloniste: Louise Dupin

During the French Enlightenment, eighteenth-century French women were at the centre of literary, artistic and cultural advancements. Louise Dupin, who lived in the Château de Chenonceau with her husband, formed a literary salon there which drew in leaders of the Enlightenment movement such as Voltaire, Condillac, Buffon and Bernard le Bovier de Fontenelle.

An intelligent woman herself, Louise saved the building during the widespread destruction of property prompted by the Revolution. Louise pointed out that the arched bridge provided a rare crossing place on the river essential for the movement of people and trade. As a result of her quick thinking and bravery we can enjoy the splendour of the Château de Chenonceau in the twenty-first century.